At Wink Optical you can rest assured that our thorough eye examinations provide an accurate assessment of your vision. We use the latest technology to establish the state of your vision and the health of your eyes. Included as part of a standard eye examination, we use retinal screening to look in far greater detail at the health of your inner eye and identify a range of potential conditions.
We are committed to providing the very best quality when it comes to eye examinations and dedicate sufficient time to all patients to ensure the very best in eye care. A standard eye examination lasts for approximately half an hour and the optometrist will use a range of tests tailored to your individual needs. All of our doctors provide step-by-step explanations so you know exactly what is involved at each stage of the exam.
What Is Involved?
Having an eye exam is a very straightforward process. A few questions will be asked about your sight, general health, your family’s health and your lifestyle. There are lots of different tests that can be carried out during your eye examination so your optometrist will tailor this to suit your individual needs. While testing your eyes, the doctor will look at the following:
- Vision quality
- Unaided and aided vision (with any glasses or contact lenses you already use)
- Eye muscle performance and health
- Internal eye health – ideally using our state of the art Retinal Scanner
- Front of eye health, including eye fluid pressure
- Tests for depth perception, colour vision and visual field may also be performed if required
As most people age, their vision needs change. Complications often arise and getting expert care from an optometrist is critical. There are many diseases of the eye which become more common with aging. Some of these diseases do not give rise to signs or symptoms (e.g. glaucoma and early macular degeneration). There are also “normal” changes of vision with age in which our eyes are not as sensitive as previously. 75% of vision loss is preventable or treatable. Therefore, at age 65 and older, adults should have an eye exam at least once a year, but only about 43% actually do. Early identification and treatment of conditions that can often have no visible symptoms is key to protecting your sight. An eye examination is possible, even when someone may have limited ability to co-operate. The optometrist can use objective and simple measures to assess vision.
Adults aged 65 or older are at a higher risk for the following common eye conditions and diseases that can threaten sight:
- Presbyopia: a natural effect of aging in which the ability to focus on close objects decreases over time. Although the process of loss of focus starts early in life, it starts to impact normal reading at about 45 years. Presbyopia can cause headaches, blurred near vision and the need for more light while reading and sore eyes.
- Cataracts: distorted or cloudy vision caused by the lens inside the eye losing its transparency over time. Cataracts can require changes to your glasses or surgical removal.
- Diabetic Retinopathy: a weakening or swelling of the tiny blood vessels in the retina of your eye and the growth of new blood vessels resulting in blood leakage and other changes. If diabetic retinopathy is left untreated, blindness can result.
- Macular degeneration: a disease that results in degenerative changes to your central vision and is a leading cause of vision loss among older adults.
- Glaucoma: a silent thief that often has no symptoms until significant damage has occurred. Glaucoma is associated with elevated pressure within the eye and can lead to serious vision loss if not detected and treated at an early stage.
Children are all seen by a pediatric specialist. Children with special needs such as Cerebral Palsy, Down Syndrome and Autism often carry significant visual complications.
Some experts estimate that approximately 5% to 10% of pre-schoolers and 25% of school-aged children have vision problems.
According to the Canadian Association of Optometrists (CAO), infants should undergo their first eye exam between 6 to 9 months of age, and preschool children should have at least one eye exam between 2 and 5 years of age. School age children (6-19 years old) should have their eyes examined yearly to ensure good vision in school.
When visual or ocular problems are left undetected or untreated, a child’s personal well-being, learning capability, and cognitive development will all be adversely affected. Specialized eye exams for kids with disabilities are critical, as they may diagnose problems that can be treated to improve the child’s quality of life.
While many loved ones may be concerned about how the vision will be tested accurately when their child or parent can’t communicate properly, this shouldn’t be the reason for worry. Our qualified optometrists know how to perform effective eye exams for nonverbal patients too.
Vision tests and evaluations are adapted according to the level of verbal responsiveness. In addition to customized procedures, an upbeat, compassionate and patient manner must be applied when dealing with all special needs children – especially with nonverbal patients.
HOW MUCH DOES IT COST?
The Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP) covers all eye examination costs for those:
- Under 20 years old
- Above 65 years old
- Have a qualified medical condition (Diabetes, macular degeneration, cataracts, ocular trauma, etc...)